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His survey of the UK coursing dog owners is the bible on coursing in my view and he writes: Optimum coursing size for a hare coursing hound Grand Course top 10 placing. Three Greyhounds 60 lbs each. Four Salukis about lbs, Three Whippets lbs each. The semi nomadic tribe of northeastern Siberia used them to haul their belongings as they followed the migration of the reindeer they hunted.

In modern times, Siberians are best known for their lifesaving delivery of antitoxin serum when a diphtheria epidemic threatened the children of Nome during the winter of Two or more teams of Siberians were among the twenty that made the heroic mile run, some of which was across the perilous ice of Norton Sound. Today, the event is commemorated by the annual running of Iditarod Sled Race which follows some of the same route.

It includes options where titles, trophies and awards are presented to qualifying dogs. Each recognizes and encourages the preservation of the breed as a working dog. Three titles may be earned: All races must be held on snow with sleds, i. Photo by Mickey Rabeneck Photography. To earn the WPD title, a dog must travel 40 total miles. Anne pictured taking the dogs out for a fun run in Newberry, MI.

Photo provided by Anne and Brian Palmer. Teams may have between four and an unlimited number of dogs in harness. Mileage may be accumulated in middle and long distance races or sprint events. Middle distance races range between 60 and miles.

Long distance races range between and 1, miles and include the Iditarod and Yukon Quest. One heat is run per day during a two-day weekend event.

Teams may have between four and ten dogs depending upon the length of the race; a race not less than ten miles in length is an unlimited number of dogs class. So far, ten of their breed champions also earned sled dog titles.

The SDO, the most advanced title, is awarded rarely and usually only to dogs that completed 1,mile races like the Yukon Quest. In those instances, dogs could earn 1, miles in one race if they ran it within a qualifying factor.

The winners of these classes are eligible to compete for Best of Breed. In addition to sled dog racing, points may be earned in conformation, obedience, rally and agility competitions. Photo courtesy of Wayne Curtis. Both dogs also ran in the Iditarod and are co-owned by Wayne and Chris. HTM REHAB short while ago I was speaking to someone whose dog had been doing freestyle for a while but seemed to have lost her motivation when it came to doing some moves.

The handler had been trying this but the dog was still looking at the handler with a bit of blank expression when asked for another move.

This is when I feel the dog needs to go into HTM rehab as it is no use just to keep asking the dog again and again. Now this may be related to the fact I have taught her to watch my face and not my hands plus the fact she is a trials breed Border collie so has a certain amount of eye. So this gives me a predicament: I often say that my two favourite words when training dogs is to be consistent and persistent. So this means part of me thinks I should stick with the original method and eventually it should twig in her brain.

On the other hand by changing the method plus the word that I might put to it could mean she learns the exercise faster. It may just be that she is never going to be a good distance backing dog as I have found over the years that dogs have the moves they enjoy doing and they all have different strengths when it comes to the moves.

When the reverse and the walk back are going well it is only then that I will start to think about teaching the last part of the sequence which is the degree turn. I have always started this with the dog in a sit facing me, then I get the dog to turn making sure the dog turns on the spot where it was sitting before getting it to reverse.

By teaching the dog to turn from the sit I can build up the distance I am away from the dog. For me the very last part of the sequence is to put it altogether. When I do this I might get the dog walk back and sit at a distance so that I can reward that part. Then having rewarded the dog in the sit I can leave it again at a distance and ask for the turn and reverse. By putting in the sit sometimes it means it can give the dog something to think about rather than throwing itself into the turn.

Trying to do the whole sequence in one might be putting too much pressure on the dog so by breaking the sequence down into its component parts it will help the whole sequence. This is where I sit the dog, then move behind it a good eight feet and ask it to reverse backwards in a straight line ending up going between my legs. If the dog only does a short reverse, when it is put in the sequence above it will tend to walk backwards then run forwards and turn then reverse right in front of the handler.

The trouble with this is that it loses the crowd pleasing appeal of the reverse which always seems to amaze members of the public. As this sequence can be broken down into three component parts you can teach some of them alongside each other before putting them all together. The walking back away from the handler is different from the reverse as the dog is facing the handler rather than having its back to the handler. I know some people give similar commands for the walking back and the reverse but I have always given very different commands for each as to me they are totally different.

I have recently had this situation with my young dog Tikka, with whom I started off using a method which has worked for all my current team of dogs plus many others that I have taught in workshops. Tikka seemed to have grasped it at one stage but now it seems she is not quite understanding it.

Kate is owned by Canadian Dr. The herding group was really where Canadian girls took over as 3 of the 4 group placements were from the True North. No doubt a money saving effort, which may have resulted in a wash out situation.

Furthermore is the Fancy ready to accept the concept of these kinds of entries? Many shows I know of which have been offered this opportunity by at least MB-F declined the offer and stuck to the old system despite the added costs. I must admit however that I know of no clubs which have accepted this offer but I am not privy to every situation nor am I asking to be. I am just relating that which I know as fact in this particular area.

Certainly if the initial uproar to THE GAZETTE going electronic and the reaction to the loss of the paper Calendar of Events is any lasting example and is equitable to being compared to the paper entry situation the Fancy right now is not ready for these kinds of revolutionary changes. Sort of like outsourcing AKC work to the show supers. Ashby—explain that one in advance please but more on the Show Supers to come in this article—back to International. Having moved to a new Hall this year IKC, I am told upgraded its venue as there was great natural light and even spectacular views of Lake Michigan.

Rings were spacious with a more than acceptable food court and spectators jammed the place, which I am sure made the Auslander family and Sue Olsen happy as it should all dog breeders and exhibitors. Of course the success of IKC spectator ways is just further proof.

And of particular impact was this attendance to the continuing life of our sport as it was held on the weekend and eve of the ill-conceived BBC reintroduction of the publicity seeking Jemima Harrison PDE II shown in the UK.

It is purely an attempt to distort facts and make incendiary and oft times exaggerated and shocking claims which are generalizations with little factual back-up.

This time its target was the Pug for one and to shotgun the entire breed on the basis of a breeder and a vet who treats puppy mill product as compared to get from the concerned breed. IKC was dominated in its bests by the GWP from the mid-west, a bichon from there as well and then a new ginger wire bitch from the West Coast. Overall I heard it was a great weekend and I was sorry to have to miss it but hope to be there next year and share and spend some time with Lou, et al.

I was out of town and did not see the headline with which to begin but certainly saw the two letters and asked for them to be included in the issue. Forget about whether or not there should be Group Re-alignment and how to implement it, which goes to the heart of the two letters.

Certainly they have a right to question Board and Delegate decisions as does anyone in the sport but they are in a very unique position. They are licensed agents of AKC, which even judges are not! Gone are the days when Mr. Foley ruled supreme and AKC acted reverentially towards the Organization. Further reason to resist the Carl Ashby attempts at outsourcing to show supers as a money saving device, which in effect would do little but increase the already questionable power plays of these organizations in running the sport from which they make a very nice living.

The show super is an employee of each club licensed by AKC to so act-that is where its power is and must remain. I would be remiss not to welcome back Sari Tietjen, who had a long and serious health battle.

We look forward to her articles for years to come. On a sad note is of course the passing of the beloved, in many quarters, of Everett Dean. More people contacted me over that article then for anything that I have ever written other than the TRAD articles.

Lots of other judges in my situation emailed and called me. I had no idea that I had that much company.

Of the more than 4, breed judges more than half of them are approved for fewer than 5 breeds. Either these folks only want to judge one or two breeds, or they have been stymied by the approval process and orphan judges are majority of all judges.

They were afraid of irritating the judging approval staff. From what they said had been done to them, I thought that the staff was already as annoyed with them as it could get. I am not, by the way, saying that the AKC is routinely unhelpful. When I worked for the army I used to say that if you went up the chain of command you would eventually reach a reasonable person who could solve problems. Generals were great at it. The AKC can be fast if it wants to be.

After an uproar about comments on the proposed new judging approval process a few months ago, they approved it to take effect on March 1, For the AKC, that is moving at light speed. What we actually need is a higher level of expertise and transparency in the judging approval process. I am sure there are more complaints about the judging approval process than there are about the actual judging.

Yes, losers are never happy but, for as long as there are judges, losers are not going to be happy. I prefer judges who reward absolute soundness and standard size dogs. When a new provisional judge turns up on a panel we show to her to see what she is looking for. Judges that value the qualities we value and breed for are keepers.

Nothing the AKC does about the approval process is going to change that. I have always said that you can control who wins at a specialty by controlling the choice of judges. That is why specialty judge elections are so hotly contested and heavily lobbied for. Different judges will reward different dogs. When the AKC talks about having reps evaluate how well the judge makes his choices I cringe.

What if it is a TRAD loving rep evaluating a soundness caring judge? All but one of the reps who have evaluated me while judging Whippets wanted to talk about the dogs that I put up. The other rep gave me some excellent advice about how to handle an awkward ring situation that had occurred.

I value her advice and will put it to good use. They are tasked with evaluating the judging of many different breeds in a given day. If they knew the standards of breeds by heart they would be all-breed judges, instead of reps. That causes me to bite my tongue a lot and eventually shut up when being advised on my choice of winners. It is never a good idea to tell a rep that you disagree with them.

The truth is that different judges have different priorities and there is a judge for nearly every type of dog. If the AKC thinks there is one correct dog that should win every time, then we are in big trouble. Dog shows have always been about different dogs winning on different days under different judges. In other words, an extremely long-winded tale featuring extensive narration of typically irrelevant incidents.

Some claim the breed descended from the nowextinct Spanish Pointer while others say it is the ancient Russian Setter that was responsible for the breed.

Another theory had Greek traders bringing course-haired setters to Italy during the Roman Empire and these dogs were then crossed with various others until. British writers contend that the Celts were responsible for developing the breed citing the fact that the Celts were famous for their coarse-haired running dogs and that coarse-haired hunting dogs are found wherever the Celts settled from northern Spain to the British Isles.

The French claim that the breed descends from crosses of several French pointing breeds but the Italians say the Spinone was the ancestor of the Wirehaired Pointing Griffon, the German Wirehaired Pointer and the Pudelpointer. They were typically used by the Italian Resistance to work mountainsides and wooded areas looking for soldiers who had dug in. Both the Resistance members and their dogs paid a heavy price for their actions as hundreds of thousands of partisans were killed or died in concentration camps and by the end of the war, the Spinone was nearly extinct.

Following the war, many breeders had to resort to crossing the Spinone with other wirehaired sporting breeds in order to save it. What emerged from the chaos of World War II was a very versatile dog. They hunt, track, do all levels of obedience and rally, compete in agility and many have the perfect temperament to do various types of dog therapy work.

Should the owner of ten intact dogs never produce a single puppy, that owner would still be considered a breeder under the provision. Granted, the addition of frozen semen could make the owner of ten intact bitches a potential dog breeder, but it would require some trick for the owner of ten intact male dogs to become a breeder.

But SB goes above and beyond reasonable legislation. When reading the measure, one may surmise that an anti-dog breeding and owning faction decided to throw everything against the wall to see what sticks. It was announced late last week that the West Virginia Senate has passed Senate Bill , which will impose serious restrictions on those who own 11 or more intact dogs.

SB has been assigned to the House Judiciary Committee and there are only a few days left in the West Virginia legislative session, so time is of the essence. Ask them to strike down SB as currently written. As bad as these bills may seem, breeders in Iowa may not have much sympathy for the cries of discrimination emanating out of West Virginia or Hawaii.

Anyone who owns at least four intact dogs or cats and receives any consideration for breeding. Yes, you read that correctly. All responsible owners — indeed, all reasonable human beings! Money is a language legislators usually understand. Senate Study Bill further aims to put breeders out of business and drive them out of the state of Iowa. Those who are denied a license must then never receive any consideration for breeding a dog, or ensure that they have three or fewer intact dogs.

Come on, Iowans, the future of dog breeding is at stake in your state. To protect your rights to own and breed canine companions, contact members of the Senate Commerce Committee immediately! A full list can be found online at http: A lot of us teenagers had a colossal crush on such gifted handlers who so graciously shared their wisdom in those days when handlers were knowledgeable dog people licensed by the American Kennel Club.

A judge of the Sporting, Hound, Working, Toy and Non-Sporting groups, his career as an evaluator involved judging multiple national specialties, elite dog shows all over and his beloved American Spaniel Club Specialty on numerous occasions. In addition to the several groups he judged at Westminster, in he had the supreme honor of judging BIS and selected the Miniature Poodle Ch.

Surrey Spice Girl as his winner. And so he did. A man of great culture, Everett enjoyed many activities in his hometown of Richmond, VA that brought new perspectives to his well-rounded outlook on the world around him.

He never ceased to be intellectually curious and interested in a wide variety of subjects and his wit and charm were legendary. His memory will stay close to our hearts. The loss of my brother-Roderick Dhu Vincent Jr.

Although no one in dogs knew him except for our childhood dog friends, my brother Rod had one of the keenest eyes for a Norwegian Elkhound of anyone in my life. Whenever he visited he could immediately pick out a promising puppy and his eye always went to the best dog in the place. When he lived in the Bay Area I would sometimes go to his house and we would exercise the dog I was showing at. It was thought survival chances were slim, but since school was out my mother agreed we could give it a try.

Perhaps she recognized it would keep us out of trouble for a while, because we had to feed it every two hours for two weeks before we got its weight up to one pound! In time we could increase the time between feedings and use a regular baby bottle. I still remember my mother preparing the formula. And now the Elkhound would join the Cockers in our home. In those days there were no tunnels into Norfolk, so my parents took us to the ferry where we could walk on with the puppy.

They supplied us with lunch, money for the trips and to call home collect when we left the show so they could be waiting at the ferry for us upon our return. Since the ferry docked within walking distance of the hotel, all went well. Truly, it was an age of innocence for what thinking parent would allow their kids to undertake such an experience today?

He was a devoted family man and courtly like other Virginia gentlemen of the era, a beloved brother whose loss has wounded me greatly. The strength, courage and dignity my brother showed during the more than two years of his terminal illness were inspiring and served to emphasize my love for him. To lose him and Everett from the same deadly disease in such a short time frame is a tremendous hurt.

They say time heals all wounds so we shall see. I feel blessed to have had them both in my life. His grand-dams are both daughters of that incredible sire Ch Livanda Santana. For sure Malachy is bred to breed on and hopefully he will have his chance to honeymoon handsomely now that he is retired from the show ring.

As has been the custom for years, on Wednesday afternoon Malachy dined on chicken and rice at the famous eatery. That possibility prompted, among other things, a conversation between Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg and his health commissioner, Dr. Farley and by Thursday morning, the health department had found a loophole that it hoped would defuse the dog-in-a-restaurant issue: It is refreshing to see rules being relaxed on special occasions and a little common sense prevailing.

Looking back on the show, one of the highlights for me was seeing Betty Regina Leininger judge the Working group. Never before have I seen such an elegantly coutured lady handle a ring with such composure and style, having great empathy with both dogs and handlers, and simply gliding along the line before selecting an impressive cut and eventually putting up a Dobermann that was as elegant and postured as the lady herself. Although thought of as an American, Betty was actually born in Newfoundland.

Upholding the British tradition of producing top terriers, it was good to see Chelsey the Kerry Blue topping her group with her handler Bill McFadden again proving that he is a master of his art. Phil Davies was over in New York and I am sure would have managed to sink a pint or two afterwards at the Blarney Rock!

Personally I would have thought that there was cause for celebration that some judges still walk into the ring and put up the dogs they think are the best on the day, regardless of form, advertising or ownership. Certainly in two of the breeds concerned I felt that the winners were more than worthy of their awards. In breeds that should have a decent length of upper arm, coupled with a well laid back shoulder and a vestige of forechest, so many dogs these days seem to be completely straight through the front due to short upper arms and upright shoulders.

Obviously some owners must think this is acceptable when they happily publish photographs that clearly illustrate this structural failing that is often accompanied by grossly over-angulated rears, thus increasing the weakness in general conformation. By the same token, why do some owners proudly advertise dogs by using head studies of dogs that have, to put it politely, less than classical heads and expressions?

The Westminster committee has to be congratulated on making the show run as smoothly as it did. The club went to all efforts than were humanly possible to make things as easy as possible. Dog people are a pretty resilient bunch and figured they could survive one year of great inconvenience. Most people figured next year everything would go back to being the norm they suffered and grew used to for the last forty years.

There is some kind of saying — be careful what you wish for because you might get it. For years many people have suggested this concept of having breed judging somewhere else, like at the Javits Center and groups in the Garden. This move right now is the only choice and thank God the Pier is available. For the exhibitor with one dog, it will not be that difficult, but for the handlers with a large string it will be. I am sure Westminster has done a great deal of planning already and has all year to work on resolving difficulties that might arise.

I do not know of any other club that can be thrown so many curve balls and can counteract diversities. There are always pluses and minuses that come with moving locations and this will be no different.

For years people have said the Garden has not been the same without class dogs. By moving to the Pier this enables them to offer class dogs to compete.

It was always a great tradition to finish or start a dog at Westminster. Terriers generally started at Montgomery and aimed to finish at the Garden. Poodles started at the Garden and hoped to finish at Poodle Club of America. I am sure already people are dreaming of winning the breed at the Garden next year with a class dog. The odds are certainly against it, but there is a possibility a class dog could go BIS next year.

That would be one for the modern history of the sport. The majority of class animals will come from the local area since they can drive in for the day with their owners. Very few class animals will come from the West Coast with handlers, since it is so expensive.

Westminster is the second oldest continuing Sporting Event in America, only one year younger than the Kentucky Derby. Great traditions have built up over the last years.

The tradition that leads so much to the tension in the air is the factor of the top winning dogs getting beat at the breed level.

With the age of technology the entire world instantly knew when the top winners lost the breed. This year cell phones were ringing off the wall with calls, text messages, emails from every corner of the globe. Of the top eight dogs in America for , four of them or half did not get out of the breed, plus the top Terrier in the country. This proves that judges are not just judging by records. Collectively last year they had accounted for over Bests, Group firsts and over a quarter of a million points.

So no one can understand it, but it made worldwide news within the sport. In the big scheme it does not change the records or opinions of these dogs. In a way it only adds to their fame, some people will remember their losses. This certainly proved the point that anything is possible at dog shows.

Hopefully her worth in the whelping box will be more important to the breed than her great record. There is a Wire that has done tremendous winning all over Europe and most experts consider him to be the best male since Excellence. Those puppies will have a big reputation to live up to. Whether or not any of them become great winners they have to be a great addition to the Wire Fox gene pool. All of them will be worth their weight in gold. One of the major changes that have taken place recently is the social scene.

It used to be there were more parties than one could attend, either private or corporate sponsored. Even within the show itself very few people still have skyboxes to entertain their friends. The economy certainly has played a huge role on the social scene.

Janet York had a book signing party Wednesday. Due to predicted snow and packing for moving into the city for a week I could not attend. Heard it was a lovely event and Janet always hosts such fun filled parties.

The Sosnoff party has long been the highlight of the social scene to kick off a great weekend. Being it is one of my favorite places to dine and the guests were my favorite people in dogs made for such an enjoyable evening. Patricia Shaw and Jodi Longmire entertained some friends for dinner Friday at Smith and Wollensky to celebrate the success of their new Frenchie.

Each recent win was toasted and I was full by the time my fillet arrived. Sunday Purina Pro Plan held its annual dinner to honor the members of their breeders program.

I have never attended, but it is always a fun filled evening from all reports. A good time was had with so many breeders from around the world in attendance. Tuesday evening it was back to Fresco by Scotto as Victor Malzoni entertained some of his American friends.

A lot of people because of not wanting to venture off far dined at Niles, part of the Affinia Hotel. Niles offers very good food and the hotel guests are offered a discount at dinner time. This is a great place to sneak off to for lunch during the show and also while the specialties are going on at the Penn. The entire staff at the Affinia is a pleasure to work with. David had already had a long background in the breed and continued for this quarter of a century to advance the breed to great levels.

This was his fifth group win at the Garden. Being involved in the sport for over 50 years, I have never known a handler that was more loved and respected than David. Everyone said no one has ever deserved it more than David. Iris Love has been loved by the entire sport for so many years. She has given so much to pure bred dogs and has given in so many ways.

Sandra and Buster Middlebrooks have only been in the sport about a decade. Seems like only yesterday I awarded their first Border Terrier their first group win. The team of David, Iris and the Middlebrooks deserve so much credit. Within all the excitement that revolves around the winning dogs we tend to forget about the breeders of these dogs. David had been judging in England and they exhibited several winning dogs to him, but it was a very young pup of theirs that he felt showed great promise.

They were kind enough to let David acquire this pup without going into debt. This was the third time since that Connie and Spotlights has captured the group at the Garden. It shows that a dedicated small time breeder can achieve great success. It would be interesting to see how many very active people within the sport could name the breeders of the seven group winners. Carlos Navarro, of Mexico, is known around the world as a highly respected judge and yet many people do not realize he is the breeder of the Herding group winner this year.

This was a landmark year for Westminster with Purina Pro Plan becoming the official sponsor. The entire world of purebred dogs has to be thankful that Westminster and Purina Pro Plan were able to join forces to present pure bred dogs in the very best light possible. Due to a longtime contract with Pedigree, Westminster was saddled with a sponsor who has become so detrimental to the sport. Pedigree is a huge money maker for the Mars corporation.

Not only should purebred dog lovers boycott Pedigree, but should try to avoid buying any Mars products. Hopefully the dog press worldwide will publish a list of Mars products.

It is just as easy to grab a candy bar made by Nestle, which in turn promotes breeders. The Westminster Kennel Club and the very hard working committee has to be thanked and congratulated for putting on a show which succeeds no matter what difficulties they get confronted with.

All of the exhibitors and handlers have to be thanked for their efforts in presenting such wonderful dogs for the entire world to admire. The region has been an arena for political, military, religious, and cultural rivalries and expansionism for centuries. Throughout its history, the Caucasus was incorporated into the Iranian world. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Russian Empire conquered the territory from the Qajars a Turk tribe that held ancestral lands in present-day Azerbaijan, then part of Iran.

In modern times, the Caucasus became a region of war among the Ottoman Empire and Iran, and was eventually conquered by Russia. Following the end of the Soviet Union, Caucasus has been under various territorial disputes which ended in ethnic wars.

In s, the Chechens and Ingush, along with other ethnic groups altogether , people were deported to Siberia, and Central Asia. By , according to Nicolas Werth, French historian, Mass Crimes under Stalin , Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence etc… the mortality rate of the people deported from the Caucasus between and had reached almost , people.

The land has more than 50 ethnic groups living in the region, and Caucasian languages are spoken by about The ancient divisions of the place divided on tribal distinctions disappeared, and the land was depopulated following imposition of the Russian administrative system but Georgia persisted in projecting strong national characteristics in the early part of the 20th century consequently suffered brutality under the Bolshevik regime.

Through the dictatorship of the most famous son of Georgia Stalin, the land acquired the status of a Union Republic. Ecologically, Caucasus is a territory of enormous importance.

It has thousands of species of plants, a rich wildlife which includes leopards, brown bears, wolves, bison, golden eagles, and some spider species.

The natural landscape is formed by enormous forests, and larges areas of rocky grounds. The Caucasus for being a frontier of West and East has a long and dramatic history.

Its mountains and valleys gave birth to many historical figures, among them the dictator Joseph Stalin, and Mikhail Gorbachev. Peoples of the Caucasus made a valuable deposit into human culture having created numerous masterpieces of art, architecture, and literature. The translation of the word Ovcharka is Sheep-Dog - in this case controversial among the dog world, because the present dog most certainly is not a shepherd.

In fact the Caucasian Ovcharka, known for its great guard and defense qualities, overpowers any shepherding instinct. This is a true protection dog, and lost, if ever had any herding instincts displaying an extremely strong guarding instinct.

These dogs are not kind to strangers and could be a danger to other dogs if it does not know them well. Generally every Livestock Guardian breed considers other dogs as potential predators. Again — for their own good this dog breed needs very early socialization, a vigorous, strong, and willing owner who above all is familiar with the temperamental behavior of the breed. Those dogs spread over Mongolia and several Asian regions ,Mesopotamia included.

From there - ancient shepherds and their cattle dogs arrived to Greece and Rome, and spread over Europe. Dagestan is a specific Eurasian point with its historical, social and geographical characteristics forming a unique breed of dog which perfectly fitted the local environmental conditions. The breed is considered one of three Russian sheepdogs, the two others are the bearded Russian Sheepdog and the Central Asian Shepherd Dog.

The breed, because of its guarding instinct, could be seen accompanying Soviet soldiers during the cold war and was also used to patrol the Berlin Wall in East Germany.

Therefore the mental and physical characteristics of those dogs were oriented to protect man and flock from predators and invaders. Those facts were the main points for the breeders to create a powerful animal whose main characteristics are strong musculature, heavy bone, long and warm coat, and hostility toward strangers. Nowadays a Caucasian Mountain dog that is considered well bred is a healthy, and even tempered animal.

The ears of the Ovcharka are traditionally cropped. Some modern dogs are no longer altered in this manner, but in Russia the ear cropping is permited. The coat color varies from fawn, pied, tan, gray, white, and brindle. The male Ovcharka is larger and more massive than the females, with larger and heavier head, and a more expressed mane.

The ears are furry for insulation and the dark eyes are deep set. The tail is covered extensively with heavy hair. The forelimbs are straight and long, with a dense bone mass. The paws are quite large, with hair between the toes. This helps provide the breed with good insulation and protection.

The nose of the Ovcharka is black and quite prominent, with large nostrils. The thick dense coat is weather resistant and is very effective at protecting from the cold.

This is a healthy breed that lives for a relatively long time. The preference for show dogs are grey dogs with long coats. Some white markings are allowed.

There are black and black and tan dogs but they are not acceptable as show dogs. The minimum height for the Caucasian Ovcharka is It can certainly be said that the Ovcharka is not a breed that just anyone could handle or anyone would want. This breed requires careful and responsible handling. For the inexperienced dog owner, this can be a very challenging dog to own. They are very self-willed, extremely strong, and very intelligent.

Overly vicious temperaments or excessive softness are considered to be serious faults for this breed from the Standard. Quite recently in the show-rings this breed has been popular in Russia, Georgia, Armenian, Azerbaijan, and other countries where flocks and properties are protected by shepherds.

We must remember that the Caucasian Ovcharka is a self-willed, extremely strong, very intelligent, enormous and heavy dog. The breed requests careful and responsible handling, and above all serious, and very dedicated breeding. This is not a dog that anyone could handle, and is not the dog for the inexperienced dog owner or breeder. Krogh - Third n o r a h Mrs.

They are easy going and can sometimes be a bit of a clown but they still want to work for you. With patience, time and repetition,. Their desire to please makes them highly trainable in the hands of the right trainer. This is a true versatile breed that can compete and win against others. It is what makes them so special.

They have a great desire to please their owners and they have the ability to learn complex tasks and perform them well. But, you have to be aware that all dogs will get bored especially when they feel they have something down pat and you want them to do it again and again.

You just have to work through it in an upbeat manner. The key is to understand how they think and work. They are methodical and piece things together. These dogs can do just about anything because they are so willing to please. They can be somewhat stubborn at times but they are very soft, sensitive dogs. They are so intelligent and perceptive that they can do or be almost anything as long as they are carefully socialized as pups.

But, you do have to be careful with them in some activities. They mature slowly because they are more complex than many breeds. It kept his interest because it kept things exciting for him. Thank you Breeder-Judges Mr. David Swartwood and Mrs. Thank you also to the fancy for all your support of this exciting young dog.

A big thank you to all of the participants of Team Dino. It is the best known parade in the world and was originated by the Greyhound Coursers of the Valley Hunt Club of Pasadena.

Most folks watching the parade now wonder why the Greyhounds are included in the parade. Pictured are 5-week-old Greyhounds responding to the movement of a lure. The look in their eyes even at this tender age tells me not only they see the movement; they desperately want to catch what they see moving.

As they grow older, they practice using their eyes for movement of animals at a great distance when they are in the fenced back The rest of the dogs wonder what it is that the keen eyed brother was looking at.

It becomes more of a competition as to who has the keenest eyesight. One hero dog will bark at something off in the distance, and the rest of the siblings will come and look to see if they can see it as well. The look in the eye of a real coursing dog is much like the Terriers sparring. Field-testing all the senses of each generation is an important part of hunting dogs, and how they were developed.

If all we needed to have the best coursing dog would be to acquire top grade racing Greyhound, then the competition would be over. That is not how it works in coursing dogs. All components are required in testing their functional abilities.

Even though racing Greyhounds and show Greyhounds are all down from the same coursing Greyhounds from the UK, each generation must be tested. It is very easy to lose the essence of the breed if the latest fashion is for breeders and judges to disregard the breed standard with respect to size. There are certain conformational faults that can be detected in the ring, such as toed in fronts, short necks, shoulders too close at the withers, etc.

Hundreds of attributes necessary for function can only be included inside the dog and cannot be seen from the outside.

As an example, the great vessels that transport blood throughout the body, and the diameter of the trachea that supplies the lungs with fresh oxygen, the larger the diameter the better. The depth of chest has little to do with the heart and lung room. The breadth of the chest allows for the capacity for heart and lung room. Many show judges are deceived by the outline of the dog from across the ring.

A curvy outline with great depth is thought to be typey, but is not always the case if the fullgrown dog is only 4 inches wide. These attributes and hundreds more cannot be seen or assessed from the best-looking exhibit in the ring. A primary key lesson of evolutionary biology is that traits not selected for will eventually decline.

Test the attributes that make a dog function or you will surely lose the dog in the end. I also contend the best professional show handlers make the most competent all-round, all-breed show judges. My report on the 3-day invitational will be forthcoming. Thank you Judge Mr. Jon Cole for this exciting win! Congrats and thank you, Bill and Taffe! He has it ALL, brains, heart, and beauty. He is a shining example of what the breed is meant to be.

And indeed they did. Both titles are the highest that can be awarded to a Siberian Husky. Photo by Carol Preble. Title recognition is retroactive to He was bred by Anne and Brian Palmer.

Despite this, Minnie, his lead dog, slowed and went down on her haunches. The course winds along the knife-edged top of the American Summit. After the third repetition, Minnie shot up and the team of twelve Siberian Huskys surged ahead. Instinctively, Cook gave Minnie her head as she turned the team sharply to the left on a course leading to a destination known only to her. Fifteen minutes later, a trail marker emerged in the snow ft. As Cook unhooked Minnie from her harness to give the dogs a wellearned rest, he looked back over his shoulder at the direction from which they had come.

Cook made that run in February Cook is a member of the Siberian Husky Club of America Board of Directors and a veteran musher of long distance sled dog races. The trophy is presented annually to the fastest running team in each of two divisions: Regardless of the division in which Siberians compete, conditioning dogs for racing begins in the fall when the temperature drops to around 50 degrees.

Dogs are harnessed to an ATV and run on a trail three times a week. Overtime, they build up the distance they can run non-stop until they can go for six miles without slowing down. Endurance is emphasized rather than speed however. As can be seen by the above, the Palmers produce breed champions that have outstanding working ability. Their breeding program emphasizes the following. They need to be independent enough to make decisions as well. His Iditarod teams each had 16 dogs which extended out ft ahead of him in harness.

While I stopped every couple of hours to check my dogs and give each one a snack, we never stopped to sleep. Siberians will pull their hearts out. Mental stamina also is essential according to him. Weather conditions are another formidable challenge. Wayne vividly remembers running his team up a mountain during the Iditarod, when the winds were so powerful; they literally lifted him and his dogs off of the trail. Ken Murray, for this humbling award!!! All was planned and set at four pm Wednesday so I took a break from my phone and computer to do errands and meet friends for dinner.

We had scheduled the exquisite standard Xolo, Armani, who has two Bests in Show. But it turned out that his owner and handler, Lynda Hylton, had fallen and hurt her back so badly that she could barely move — an explanation that did not keep me from cursing silently under my breath because I really wanted the world to see that exquisite hairless phenomenon. We needed another Xolo. Quick call to Jose Barrera, who had appeared with his Xolo, Alma, at the Westminster news conference the week before.

Jewelry buyers from stores around the world already had their plane tickets in hand to come see his work during Fashion Week. But he is such a good-natured man that he responded to our plight by agreeing to take the morning off to appear with the other rare breeds. Things were set again, so I jumped in bed and turned on television news. The weather was turning colder and a big snowstorm was slowly advancing to the East Coast from the Midwest.

It was the owner of another of our new breeds, Curt Willis, whose American English Coonhound was scheduled to appear.

So I was up a tree again. My heart was pounding as I worked the phones. American English Coonhounds are plentiful in the Carolinas, Indiana and Texas, but very few places in between. It is not a breed you. But I dug out the phone number of Reverend Richard Moore of Queens and begged him, in my best groveling television news producer manner, to appear on live television in about eight hours.

Gentleman that he is, he agreed. The producers at Good Morning America were so grateful they sent a car to pick him up, to make sure this coonhound would not slip out of their grasp. Several quick hours of sleep. Jumped the train into New York before most of the regular daily commuters were awake. David Frei and I emailed, texted, and cellphoned our way through the next few hours.

The appearance on GMA was a great success for the new breeds, for purebred dogs, and for Westminster. The Wendy producers had carefully selected a lineup of dogs: The dogs were to trot down a red carpet runway and leap onto a low, round stage, where they would pose. It should be easy enough for a show dog, but I insisted on a low-key, low-pressure rehearsal to familiarize the dogs with everything they would encounter.

The Wendy crew was great. We knew this would feel unfamiliar to the dogs and everyone was eager to practice. Joe Horvath led his Komondor through the routine with no problem. It was high for his short legs, so the crew.

The Bedlington got Drew Barrymore. The Afghan matched with Sarah Jessica Parker. For the dreadlocked Komondor, Whoopi Goldberg. The best match was Hulk Hogan and Jock, the Dandie, with their full white beards and mustaches.

But Jose was angry when he saw the celebrity planned for his delicate Xolo. It was a strange rap singer who wears a hat adorned with horns. For me the absolute highlight of Westminster, other than the Best in Show winner, was when displaced Canadian, Ms. She looked stunningly glamorous. Now all of the Canadians have migrated back north to recover from Westminster week and reap the spoils! Back up north the Canadian dog show scene is starting slowly, the Top Dogs in the Country as of Feb 27, according to Canuck dogs are: RANDY liked the color of the gown she wore when she judged the Garden group, so she sent it to him and he had his accessories made.

And to think that just the day before they were all show dogs. I have written about this abuse for a long time and hope that the American Kennel Club addresses this problem before the wrong people get wind of this ongoing fraud. There is no excuse for this practice. He will be missed by all who knew and loved him.

I have never heard of there ever being one before, and I would have to question the reason any board member had in asking for, or voting in favor of one. That said, I will vote my conscience, however it is taken. Accordingly I would allow the results of most votes to be public. All Directors should be willing to openly share their votes and stand behind them.

The vote for Chair is not the time to start hiding individual decisions. A secret ballot at the Board level is simply a slippery slope that must be avoided. It makes little difference to me, I will vote the same way whether the vote is open or closed. I understand it has been done both ways in the past. The answers are printed in the order received. The four seated Board members who did not respond are of the camp said to be supporting the same person for the Board Director Ashby.

Their silence coincidental or not to my mind is quite telling except in fairness to Mr. Gladstone he told me at the World Show in Paris he would never answer a Question of the Week submitted to him by me. In any event feel free to draw your own conclusions about what the answers indicate and what the silence meant as well. I am not having her insulted like this. When the producer left, the other dog owners sympathized. Laurie spoke of insults slung at her dogs for looking like lambs. Marlene Horvath shook her head in resignation.

He allowed Alma to go on. She happily pranced down the runway and leapt onto the stage like a little star. Wendy Williams was complimentary towards all the dogs. Hulk Hogan spoke of his love for his four Chihuahuas. David Frei talked about the excitement of Westminster.

From there, we proceeded to a news conference at the New Yorker Hotel, eagerly attended by dozens of reporters anxious to snap photos and ask questions of the dog owners. By now, I saw that the owners of show dogs had resigned themselves to answering questions about what toy their dog likes to play with and how you brush his hair.

The handlers wanted to mention that he comes from a long line of Westminster BOB winners, was second in the nation, both systems, last year, and has 19 group placements. We loaded the dogs and handlers into a van to start them back to their homes. Studio to pick up their car for the drive out to eastern Long Island. This year, he decided to go with available show dogs, to save everyone the pain of trying to get so many people to make the deadlines.

The TV crew loved that dog. He sprawled on his back on the grooming table, letting his head drape over the side, grinning upside-down with his funny slit eyes. Everyone on the crew popped out their mini-cameras to snap his picture. With ten other places to be, David barely made it in time. But the dogs were there, not at all disturbed by the crazy stock traders shouting around them.

The shows kept popping up; it seemed every morning show wanted a segment with the dogs. I was right…she is a dog show person. I hope I have a little time to rest my tired body from this long trip — it was exhausting. She is showing her Yorkshire Terrier. I am meeting him upstairs. It is fashion week and we are hoping it takes off as a new fur for fashion wear.

It is made from the fur of a noxious non-native pest that is destroying thousands of acres of US wetlands. The little devils replicate as fast as bunnies. I see my friend HAL. HAL waves and walks to the left to meet Ludmila for an exciting weekend of international lust. I move straight forward to meet BIG MICHAEL for a couple of fun days in the city--thankful for not having to take my shoes off, for not separating my electronics, for not limiting my carry-on luggage, for not paying extra for checked luggage, for not putting liquids in 3.

Thanks to Judges Dr. It could probably be that I slept a good ten hours of the fourteen-hour flight. This connection is only scheduled to be a four-hour fight, thank God, since I am in a middle seat at the back of the plane.

Luckily from Newark to Narita I had an aisle seat with an empty seat next to me. I must say United tries to keep an empty seat next to me unless the flight is completely sold out. I already had an assignment in Bangkok for the same weekend. I was so pleased when the invitation was reissued for January of Having never been to the Philippines, I knew this would be a great adventure for me.

I have judged quite a bit in Asia in the past few years. As with all travel you take the good with the bad. They have not turned on the air yet and have just announced there is a delay in departing. A passenger has not boarded the plane so their luggage will have to be taken off the plane. Good news, the missing passenger has allowed me to move to an aisle seat. My new seat 35B is the only seat on the plane that opened up. As soon as I was moving seats a lovely young flight attendant was helping me with my stuff.

I am always amazed how gracious the young Japanese ladies are to us elderly Americans. With most foreign assignments the details of the show can be pretty minimal before the start of the show. The Circuit of the Philippines is very much the exception to the norm. The pre publicity and detail of the show has been stellar. The show takes place on Thursday Friday, Saturday and Sunday.

There are three championship shows held each day, so this totals 12 chances to win a championship title. Several other countries are holding shows over the circuit so this allows the possibility to attain an International Championship during the fourday weekend.

In order to gain an international Championship you have to acquire a championship from three different countries that are recognized by the FCI. I just read where Egypt has been given full status by FCI, which makes. The FCI has to be commended in bringing the sport closer and closer together. With AKC becoming more and more lenient about territorial rights where shows can be held outside of their region, I suspect they will allow clubs to use available venues in Canada and Mexico.

I am sure this sounds far fetched to some, but not long ago, we would have never thought two shows per day would be possible. We allow clubs to hold shows in venues several states away. This has given exhibitors a chance to show at UKC shows and. Details are being worked on for an attraction that will make the show an even more spectacular event. Hopefully the details will be finalized before the meeting in New York and Wayne can make the announcement.

The connecting flight from Narita to Manila was on ANA airlines and edible food was most welcomed after the long United flight, which offered three meals with each one being worse than the other.

ANA also offered free drinks and the Cabernet call Arts was especially good. The people in charge of food at United should take a lesson from the Asian airlines on how to cater food that is not so deplorable. Cold sandwiches or salads with soup would be much more enjoyable than the hot entrees offered. When I cleared immigration in Manila I was going down an escalator to the baggage area and spotted a young man holding a sign with my name.

I was so relieved that the transport company was waiting for me. While waiting for my bag, which was the last to arrive, I was a bit confused when he asked if someone was meeting me.

Thinking he was my transport, I inquired who he was. He informed me he was with the city tourism organization and was enlisted to help me locate and assist with getting my luggage through customs. This was the first time I had ever witnessed this service in all the years I have been traveling around the world.

When we cleared customs the young man spotted a young lady holding a sign with my name. He turned me over to her and I presumed she was my driver. No, she was the one that was coordinating the judges with the different drivers. She was immediately on the phone and ushered my luggage and me outside where the driver was waiting for me to take me to the Richmonde Hotel.

The young man from the tourism association also had a lei for me to wear which made me feel extra welcome. By the time I exited the airport it was after The prepublicity and detail of the show has been stellar. I am sure when Dinky Santos came up with the idea of the Philippines Circuit many probably thought he was aiming for the sky. Dinky, like Ron, knows hard work; great dedication can make for great shows to happen.

Most people were negative, feeling a show of the likes that Mrs. Dodge staged could never be done again in the US. Wayne, thank God, believed in what most people thought to be the impossible dream and put that dream into reality.

We did not breed every puppy in a litter. And you know what happened? We now have fewer and fewer dogs being bred and fewer puppies being registered. I think, when we see those individual breed statistics again, we will find that many breeds are looking at low numbers. If we want to save our breeds, we have to change our thinking and our tactics. Become a mentor to them. Weigh and consider pros and cons of health issues. What I am saying is that these suggestions can help breeds who have lower numbers.

Include more puppy buyers in your future breeding plans and more dogs in the gene pool and it can help increase the number of dogs bred as well as the overall health 82 Dog News. Some of these ideas come from population genetics. Most of all, you want to breed more instead of less.

I think it would be great if AKC would do something to encourage breeders with some of the breeds with low numbers but they would have to identify them first. Especially if you live in the middle of nowhere, as I do. We need to keep these breeders and owners involved with their breeds or they will be doomed to extinction. I know these ideas go against the grain for many breeders. But if we want to keep a lot of our breeds around, we need to take actions like these. If you love your breed and you want to make them less vulnerable, keep breeding, despite all the obstacles.

Their futures are in our hands and we have to make sure we leave them strong and healthy for the next generation. Now, if we can just see those breed statistics. But dog shows became an important part of their lives, and their ownership of Italian Greyhounds increased in numbers and quality. Lilian plunged into the intricacies of learning how to be a breeder and owner-handler.

She studied pedigrees and canine health and attended handling classes for Obedience and Conformation. With new friends and new abilities she also began to gain new confidence in herself. Certainly, her work at the camera store in San Francisco where she handled account sales to the professional clientele including Ansel Adams, had required her to improve her communication skills.

But she credits the sport of dogs for making it possible for her to shed much of the painful shyness with which she had grown up.

Although, through bribes and a twist of fate, Siegfried Bauer was later released from the infamous concentration camp, the family knew their future was in jeopardy — all but Lilian. She did not know why her name was officially changed to include the middle name of Sarah and she did not know why she had to wear a large J on the outside of her clothes. She did not know why she was being tutored by her grandfather instead of going to school or why the cook and maid had left the house.

There were whispered meetings of adults—parents and grandparents, a great aunt and uncle — there were arguments and tears. Lilian found out what was wrong: After frantic searches for relatives in America who would sponsor them, a letter finally arrived but there would be a waiting period for entry. Since Germany was no longer safe, they would have to go elsewhere. So, early in Lillian and her parents packed what they could carry, said their very last goodbyes to their family, successfully passed through the heavily armed check points, and.

The family-owned factory made it possible for the Bauers to have a comfortable life complete with a household staff, and most important for five-year-old Lilian, the finest sandbox in Rottenburg. Music, art, and books were important to family life with Gertrude and her brother, Rudolf, frequently playing duets on the piano and violin.

But those idyllic days soon came to an end when Lilian was seven years old. First, she was puzzled when her friends no longer were allowed to play at her house, then her father. But London was difficult. They spoke no English, foreign nationals could not work, and the sparsely furnished one room bedsitter in Camden Town was a world away from their previous life experience.

At school, Lilian was either teased for her German clothes and foreign speech or ostracized because she was considered an enemy.

Then, the British Government instituted a program to remove children from the city to protect them from the inevitable bombing raids by the Luftwaffe. Food was scarce, the house was cold and Lilian begged to go back to her parents whether there were bombs or not. Finally, after a very long year in England, the Bauers boarded the Lancastria for the crossing to New York — the first part of their journey to their new home in San Francisco.

At age nine, Lilian was happy to live in a beautiful city, to go to school, to walk to the library, and spend the day at the zoo. While her parents worked, Lilian became expert in finding her way all over the city. The dogs were on long rows of benches and she visited them all, but Collies were her favorites thanks to the books she had read by Albert Payson Terhune. She dreamed of having a dog, she begged for a dog, she even threatened to run away if she did not get a dog. She not only read dog stories from the library but she also found the dog show catalog impressive even if she did not understand the listings or the competition.

She knew it must be important. For Lilian Bauer Barber, that was long ago and far away and it would be still more years before she did get her dog.

Her life would be with dogs! To be continued in a future issue. The latter is no longer a commonly expressed view because it cost extremists supporters among the general public in the past.

Given the millions of dogs in the US, the above may sound like an unobtainable objective. In that event, the species would cease to exist in 15 or 16 years when all living dogs died because there would be none to replace them.

In and of itself, cause marketing is a legitimate promotional method. The animal rights fundraisers play the role of vindicator and thus are able to make headlines and raise money to pass their legislative agenda.

Animal rights extremists have succeeded in large part by making the general public erroneously believe they care about the welfare of animals. Pet overpopulation has been a major issue for the animal rights community for decades and, in the early years, it was a legitimate concern. The problem for us [NAIA], especially in the heat of a legislative battle, was the lack of publicly available shelter data that we could use to refute these claims.

As a result, they controlled the debate. Data for The Shelter Project was provided voluntarily by many shelters or mandated by law in some states. Because many states do not require animal shelters to provide data on their intake and disposition of animals, NAIA wrote model.

The Shelter Project also includes a useful glossary of animal shelter terminology and a Quick Facts Section. It will include everything from the care and feeding of different species to their history and breed development. The information will be provided in a factual but interesting way so teachers will send students to it and scientists will be comfortable with it.

Consider the Source content will be supported by numerous scientific studies including ones initiated by NAIA. Since , NAIA also has been working on a scientific study aimed at answering questions about current sources of dogs as well as ones that will be available to prospective American pet owners in the future. To that end, it is seeking answers to the following questions: What is the likelihood that current sources will be able to meet consumer demand?

Christine great wins, and Judges Mrs. Erickson and Group Judge Mr. Moore for these and Mrs. Both have important scientific studies to their credit. Thus far, the study has amassed data from numerous sources: Among the most disturbing of its findings, is the fact the general public now believes by a margin of 2 to 1, according to survey data, that animal shelter dogs are superior to dogs bred by responsible breeders; where responsible breeders are defined as those who belong to clubs and compete at shows.

That margin is surprising even to Strand because numerous studies have shown that animal shelters are the weakest source of dogs in terms of their outcome in new homes. Assuming that Temperament is a high priority in your decision to acquire a new dog, where would you first look to find a dog? A serious in-home breeder, one who belongs to clubs and competes at shows An animal shelter e. Assuming that Health is a high priority in your decision to acquire a new dog, where would you first look to find a dog?

A fun, effective way to accomplish this task is to provide them with books about purebred dogs and dog shows. NAIA is making copies of it available to breed and kennel clubs on a quantity discount basis so clubs can distribute copies to the general public.

We have a rule; the chosen films can go from silent movies to films of the late fifties but nothing after the sixties. Hey, it is not an age matter, our ages range from grandparents to grandkids, but a way to appreciate many films we rarely could see otherwise. Some months ago, after watching Citizen Kane , I was the next to choose. It was almost natural after the Orson Welles film to show up with Casablanca due the dispute between these two elected by critics of the era as the best films all times.

Casablanca was the winner. Oh I could talk about this subject almost as much as about dogs - i. Now, being me, naturally Casablanca evolved to Morocco, and Morocco evolved to a local dog.

Very rarely was the country completely unified, and conflict between Arabs and Berbers was incessant. Morocco was from the 17th to the 19th century, a base for pirates preying upon the Mediterranean trade. The Arabs conquered the territory that would become Morocco over seven centuries ago. Morocco has an elected parliament, has a population of over 33 million and an area of , km2 , sq mi. Its largest city is Casablanca, other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Fez, Agadir, and some more.

It is logical, that after so many occupations the local culture is a mix of Arab, Berber, African, and European influences. The country gained independence from France on March 2, and from Spain on April 7, Morocco and Spain are separated by a small water passage that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea, the Strait of Gibraltar.

Europe and Africa are distant by 8. Ferry boats cross between the two continents. The country has uncountable hidden treasures such as the indigenous species of monkeys, the Barbary Macaques, which are living in the mountains of Algeria, Morocco and Gibraltar. The monkeys live freely in the wild near Azrou in the Middle Atlas Mountains. This is the land of the incredible goats that climb the Argan trees in search of food.

Over time they have become not only able to climb the high. The droppings of the goats contain the kernels of the seeds they consume. The local residents press and grind the droppings into oil.

A quarter-liter bottle of this goat-digested kernel-oil goes from 15 to 50 dollars. Among many other goods of Morocco the artisanal leather objects are the country largest export material. They sell up to million slippers, bags, and valets annually around the world. Morocco ancient tanneries are working Continued on page From this data, it is clear that these dogs were not sight hounds.

It is more likely that this skeleton represents the ancestors of the modern Canaan Dogs who were semi-domesticated, interacting with humans periodically in this area.

This intriguing hypothesis can be confirmed with DNA testing and we are actively working on this project. The first modern Canaan Dog was domesticated by Dr. Rudolfina Menzel in Menzel trained these dogs to be used as guard dogs because of their acute sense of hearing. They have also been used as bomb detection dogs because of their sensitive sense of smell. The native intelligence and awareness of their surroundings made them ideal as early watch dogs.

A few Canaan Dogs still live in the wild. However, their existence is threatened by their willingness to live on the outskirts of mid-eastern cities. This has led to the interbreeding with city dogs and will eventually lead to the dilution of the breed in the wild if this trend continues. A picture of one of Dr.

His name is Dugma and he is one of the founders of the modern Canaan Dog breed. However, their existence is threatened by their willingness to live on the outskirts of mideastern cities.

Note that the original color and conformation is maintained. The characteristic alert attitude is apparent from their posture and erect ears of each dog. To firmly establish that Canaan Dogs are related to the canine remains found in the Ashkelon archeological site will require DNA testing. Support for this project is currently being solicited. If you desire additional information about this project, would like to arrange a presentation for your dog club or organization, please contact me at prvulliet ucdavis.

They had the complete social schedule and judging schedule for the long weekend. They also had a large welcome bag filled with all kinds of goodies. I must say I felt very guilty that people from the club were there to greet me at close to midnight. The young man that ushered me to my room could not have made me feel more welcome.

From the time I stepped off the plane until settling into my room, I cannot express just how impressed I was with the detail of my arrival in Manila.

By the time I got settled into my lovely suite it was now very early Wednesday morning Manila time. I had departed my home at 6 AM Monday morning and realized just how long the trip had been. It was close to 9, flying miles. One way this is the equivalent of my flying coast to coast roundtrip twice. Being that my body was totally out of sync from the huge change of time and sleeping so much en route, I did not sleep much my first night in Manila. That is why for one reason it is always wise to have a complete day to adjust before the judging starts.

In reviewing the schedule I noticed the panel consisted of 17 renowned judges from all continents of the world. It is a bit humbling to be on a panel of such esteemed world famous dog celebrities. So often with foreign assignments, I do not know the other judges, but here many are old time friends and people I have long admired.

The majority of the panel I have had the pleasure of judging with before. It appears that nobody is judging all four days, only three of the four days. I will be judging Thursday, Saturday and Sunday. I will probably be glad to have a day off Friday since it appears hat Thursday I will have dogs to judge. By US standards that would mean ten hours of judging. Saturday I only have and on Sunday only Pomeranians lead the entry with 38, Siberian Husky — 35; Long coat Chihuahua — 32, Beagles — 36, Labs — 2 8 and many breeds have well over Surprisingly some breeds have much smaller entries than I would have imagined for a show of this stature.

Goldens only have 11, Rottweiler — 7, Dobermans — 9 and all varieties of the Dachshund — 9. There is just 1 Samoyed and they are quite popular in some Asian countries and this is the same for Maltese. Because of extreme traffic it was about an hour and a half before we reached that part of the city, but we got to see a lot of the flavor of the city as a whole.

Since several of the judges were not judging on Thursday, Carla Molinari, William Rodriguez and Christian Stefanescu were not arriving until later in the day. It was enjoyable not only to tour the city, but to spend time talking with several judges from different parts of the world.

Due to work commitments, Andrew Brace was not able to join us. I enjoyed having breakfast with Andrew and catching up with some of the news from his side of the pond. A couple of days earlier, Andrew had posted pictures of the Boxers that were his main winners at a championship show in England. It was interesting to learn his views of Boxers in England today. Although they differ a bit in type from the norm in America, they apparently share some of the same shortcomings.

An example is feet being on the downside as they are in the States. While judging a large entry of Boxers in Mexico recently, the same fault was also prevalent. As the dog world is getting closer and closer together, it appears certain faults are common in certain breeds no matter what country you judged the breed. Hopefully since so much of the world has American type Goldens our problem of short legs will not spread around the world.

While touring I learned this circuit will be the last of its kind. The down side of this circuit is that it reduces entries in neighboring countries. FCI will no longer allow this. By offering these championships from so many countries is partially why the entry is so large.

Exhibitors can come to Manila and by winning titles from four different countries in one weekend they can gain their International Championship titles. While clearing customs, I ran into exhibitors arriving from Japan. Supposedly even some Americans will be present. Like most countries of the world today, there will be a large entry from Russia. I know there is a show going on in Bangkok, Thailand also this weekend.

It is a wonderful show and I had the pleasure of judging it last year. I know this year some of the people from Bangkok are coming to the show here in Manila. I did have the pleasure of seeing Alex Zee from Taiwan earlier today. Alex has been very instrumental in helping the sport of dogs to get started in China. FCI has just recently given full recognition to the China Kennel Union and this organization has picked up the slack of so many shows that the China Kennel Club used to organize.

The China Kennel Union is now putting on over 60 weekends of shows throughout China. Wednesday evening a very large group of officers and judges met in the lobby at 9 PM to go to a charming Japanese buffet restaurant. The restaurant was huge and offered hundreds of items. Plus they came to the tables offering some of the house specialties. Not sure exactly what spices were used in the preparation, but the flavor was wonderful. Even though he promised that we would be back to the hotel Continued on page Knowing I had dogs plus multiple groups I opted to return to the hotel.

Upon arriving back to the Richmonde, Andrew Brace and I decided we would have a quick nightcap. We shared several of our common interests drinking, smoking and the huge passion of talking dogs. Time passes so fast while having fun and suddenly I realized it was approaching 1 AM.

Awakening Thursday morning around 5: As with all foreign assignments the first day I am always a bit apprehensive not knowing exactly what to expect. We all had a very detailed schedule of the show, but never having judging in the Philippines the procedure and mechanics would be a first for me. It seems no two countries of the world have the same exact judging procedures. Dinner is listed on the social schedule for 8 PM right in the venue. Third hand I just learned they are hoping the different Bests can start by 7 PM.

Hopefully judging will start promptly as scheduled for 10 AM. Like most foreign countries, the first morning always starts late. This is usually caused by two factors — one is due to the workers of the show getting the instructions and learning the procedures of the day, also the exhibitors always seem to be running late and being a bit confused where they pick up their armbands, etc. Considering the magnitude of this event and all the confusion, judging was able to start by It was a very long day for several of the judges and exhibitors.

My entry was , but besides a lunch break, there were delays during the day when some breeds were running behind in other rings. Each breed was shown at three different events each day.

Thursday evening we did not leave the building until ten minutes before midnight. This meant Dinky had to find a place that was willing to take a large group of people for dinner. The restaurant and bar in the hotel was closed, but several judges opted to return to the hotel, which offered room service 24 hours around the clock.

Looking around the show on Thursday, I immediately saw people from all corners of the world. Lauren House also from California had come over to show some Siberians. There was a large show also taking place in Thailand, but many of the top exhibitors from Thailand came to the show in Manila. The circuit offered championship titles in seven different countries.

This made for a most unique array of dog shows. This was a piece of history in that the FIC is no longer allowing this to occur after this weekend. It did have its pros and cons. It made for so many dogs coming from other Asian countries, but hurt the entries for the other Asian countries that were holding their shows this same weekend.

Surprisingly when we arrived at the restaurant for dinner around I think everyone was so glad that the day was over and some. All of the judges had one day off. I was so glad that Friday was my free day. After judging that many dogs and not getting back to the hotel until around 2: Not being a shopper and having already done the city tour Wednesday, I chose to go over to the show around noon.

Annabelle rang my room around This way I could get to watch some of the breeds I would not be judging and to rewatch some breeds I had already judged. It is always interesting to see other judges you respect and see what their opinions might be. Early afternoon Dinky asked if I would mind doing some judging. Apparently one of the judges was going extremely slow and it was holding up her entry that had to go on to other rings. I explained they were breeds I was to judge Saturday or.

Not wearing a tie, I felt uncomfortable, but at least I had a sports jacket on. Again, the show ran late and Dinky called the hotel and arranged for the restaurant to stay open to serve us. Being it was around Not being exhausted I wanted to enjoy the company of some of the judges I enjoy and rarely get to spend time with. Having snacked on some excellent Pizza ringside, I did not want a huge meal.

I had the Asian chicken noodle soup and it was fabulous. Carla and one of the other judges had been feeling a bit off with their digestive systems. Traveling half way around the world our systems do get a bit out of whack. Saturday was another long day and upon returning to the hotel around 11 PM, the restaurant was closed, but Dinky offered to take everyone to a restaurant and we would meet in the lobby in about 15 minutes.

When I got to my room, I felt exhausted and just ordered a beer from room service. I knew that Sunday would be a very long day again with the added closing ceremonies, etc. Sunday was my lightest day of judging and I did one of the three regular BIS.

The show ended around 11 PM and all the judges, show committee, handlers and exhibitors were invited to an after show party. The party took place at the Manila Polo Club. This was a lovely setting with great food and drinks, but most importantly great company.

There were shuttle vans running constantly back to the hotel. It was so much fun getting to socialize with so many of the owners and handlers; I had a burst of energy.

Andrew Brace and I were having such a great time we opted to take the last van back to the hotel. Returning to the hotel around 3: By the time I reached the airport I was exhausted, but knowing I had 19 hours flying time ahead of me, I knew I would be sleeping most of the time on the plane.

I did sleep practically the whole way home and even dreamt of the great times of the show in Manila. Dinky certainly made a dream come. And in Great Britain, 19th-Century tinkerers also innovated when it came to flesh and fur, creating and codifying dozens upon dozens of dog breeds that thrive even to the present day. But as any inventor knows, prototypes are an iffy business. First attempts at even the most brilliant ideas are almost always crude and halting; perfection demands prac-.

But in 19th-Century London, there was a place where one could see dog history unfold, and breeds evolve — in a working-class, canalside district dubbed Kensal New Town.

Skin disease is also prevalent, large patches of plaster having peeled off here and there, and communicated a generally mangy look to the lopsided tenements. Bill George was a dog dealer, a buyer and seller and sometimes breeder of animals that he kept tethered in his dog yard, numbering in the hundreds. One writer claimed he heard that George commenced his letters to clients with the bungled salu-. As late as , the year he turned 60, he was apprehended in London by police for refereeing an illegal boxing match in Newbury County, about 50 miles outside the city.

Before striking out in business for himself, he apprenticed for dog dealer Ben White, who bred and sold Old English Bulldogs, which were used for dog fighting and bull baiting. The band struck up Rule Britannia before the dogs were slipped from their iron chains and the tame, Edinburgh-bred cat crouched to greet them, more out of perplexity than ferocity.

The subsequent public outcry was so great that dog fighting was banned locally, though White reportedly contin-. By , the English Parliament passed the Cruelty to Animals Act, and dog fighting was banned nationwide. George realized that not only his business, but the Bulldog itself, needed to move in a kindler, gentler direction. And he succeeded on both scores, making a reputation for himself as an honest businessman, and his Bulldogs as docile, loyal companions.

Though he sold and bred many breeds, it was with Bulldogs that he made his mark. In , George imported a Spanish Bulldog, a distinct breed of fighting dog that was known as the Alano on the Iberian Peninsula.

Indeed, his home was a mini-museum, with stuffed dogs in the windows, and engravings and paintings of dogs covering the walls. With certain very deliberate exceptions it is as though any real information and or understandable facts are either deliberately omitted or else mentioned as status reports but never explained. Never to leave the Board Room for fear of letting people know what the Board was thinking and or planning.

And if you have trouble accepting that attitude as having been in effect on the Board level check with David Merriam or even Jim Crowley about those days gone by.

So in a sense we should all be grateful for what little information is actually reported except for. In my heart of hearts I know that both Dennis and Margaret would like to share this information where they can with the constituents but are restricted by doing so by past and probably present day Board philosophies. Unfortunately I really do not know the answers to those kinds of questions since I am told that a goodly number of people on the Board are as frustrated with finding out what is planned for and in fact happening at AKC in certain areas as are the rest of us.

A sentiment with which I must say I basically agree but if AKC is going to hold itself out as providing Board Minutes and the like at the very least should the organization preface the release of its news with a caveat that the information being presented is selective in nature and not intended to be a full disclosure document? First of all I believe that Tim Thomas has matured into a way above average leader for the Judges Department. One may not always agree with his decisions or his interpretations but I find him concise, knowledgeable and totally honest about what he has to say.

I may not and do not agree with all his public statements but when closely queried I rate him a high 9 or even a 10 in response mode factor. I was told by Jim Crowley this was definitely not allowable under any circumstances after I saw a catalogue at the Waukasha KC show doing just that. Indeed I saw a very similar ad if not the same one in Oregon this past January.

The judge in question confronted me very strongly at the Garden as he very well should have claiming that based on an interpretation from AKC that since his name was not mentioned and he was not paid this is an allowable and permitted practice.

Which of course is the exact opposite of what I had been told both verbally and in writing by Jim Crowley. Well believe you me I headed for Tim forthwith who told me that indeed he had so interpreted the rule to the judge in question. Later in the day I again confronted Jim Crowley, who told me he knew nothing of this interpretation and that as far as he was concerned it remained the way he told me initially. The number is a well known So what does come up under new Business in the Board Minutes but an inconclusive discussion of raising those limits from to so long as the judge involved is not doing a Group or Best that day.

In my opinion a suggestion which came from a show super to a Board Member and watch for at the next meeting a motion to vote on that proposal immediately. There are so many other potential reasons to vote against this idea but to use it as sneak through for the two show a day idea is pretty much hitting below the belt.

Which may be of course how those pushing these sorts of ideas operate with which to begin--you think? In Mouscron had a huge entry of no less than dogs. Since the show happens in the current halls, it never ever crossed the magical border of entries again. This year, however, it almost happened, entries!

Saturday was good for entries. The remaining dogs were on term on Sunday. Saturday was not too busy and it was good walking around. Around noon most dogs and owners moved away from the rings and that made a lot of difference. That was not the case on Sunday. Not only were there more dogs, but, and that is what I keep saying, some people decided to reserve excessive space for themselves, not caring if people were able to move around.

Some people absolutely want to sit at the fence of the ring with all their stuff, cages, etc. The fences of the rings should remain free for the visitors and ALL the people who want to follow the judging, not just the happy first. This selfish attitude is the most important reason why things get so crowded sometimes.

Every exhibitor loves nice big rings to show the movement of their dogs in the very best conditions. Mouscron has such big rings, very big ones, not just compared to the space in the halls but also compared to many other and bigger shows.

The hall next to the main hall has two very big and long rings, as does the small hall in the back. But also the rings in the main hall are oversized compared to what we used to see on other shows. Of course this is at the expense of the space to sit. The rings in the main hall have only 2 sides bordering the spectator corridors and the entrance of the ring. If exhibitors take in this space with all their Continued on page If the organization finds a good solution to prevent some exhibitors to store all their stuff, seats, cages and tables around the ring, I am convinced that we have one of the most pleasing and charming shows of Belgium.

Outside there is hardly any parking space, but notwithstanding that, there are hundreds of cars parked in the neighboring streets. But this seems not to be a big problem. No sign of selfishness? Simply because the police would move the cars away. I advocate to use the entrance hall to store cages or move one of the rings to there, certainly if this show has ambition to grow larger.

Half of them were from Belgium, from France less than 5km from the border , dogs were from the Netherlands, 78 from Germany and 56 from the United Kingdom. Indeed it is easier and probably faster to come from the United Kingdom than it is from Germany or Luxemburg.

Besides this exhibitors found the way from as far as Spain, Denmark and Russia to this little border town. In order to hold all this in check 18 judges were invited. Most successful judge on Saturday was Mr. De Giullani from Italy. On Sunday he had …. That made him the best scoring judge with entries in total. Adriana Griffa, also from Italy, finished Saturday. And on Sunday she had 79, which is a nice score too.

Rui Oliveira from Portugal, had dogs to judge on Saturday and 89 on Sunday. Tabo Giovanni Battista from Italy had the same final score of dogs. He was most busy on Sunday when he had dogs, breeds from Group I. Mme Delabelle, Belgian judge, had only 18 dogs on Saturday, but that was only to warm up for Sunday when no less than dogs were waiting for her to be judged. Besides Afghans she judged the Chinese Cresteds and the Chihuahuas, all popular breeds. JJ Dupas from France did defeat her with his entries.

Judge for BIS was Mr. Regine Vandamme from Belgium. Korinth is a 3-yearold bitch, entered in Champion Class along with 16 competitors, and bred in Belgium by the owner. Delabelle was the judge who led this bitch to the main ring. Dumortier was the group judge. Antudor is a fouryear-old male. He was also entered in Champion class, and had to compete with 3 others for the title.

Tabo Giovanni Battista from Italy who introduced him thus to Mrs. Liliane De Ridder who, on her term presented him to Mr. Deschuyere as her group winner to compete for Best In Show. Christine Sonberg from Belgium bought the dog from breeder Neilson and will probably bring him next year again to this show, your chance to meet him on of January They are ferocious in aspect, these mighty bull-dogs, but by no means truculent in disposition, being, in fact, a living proof that it is not always safe to judge by appearances.

Their loud barking and tearing at their chains is mere sound and fury, signifying nothing but the naturally doggy desire to be spoken to, patted, and caressed. Among them was King Dick, bred by Jacob Lamphier of Birmingham, who paid a tidy sum to buy him back from George once he saw how well he turned out. The fallow-and-white bitch Lola Montes refused to breed for quite a long time — until George turned her loose in the kennel, after which she became an enthusiastic matron.

George was also very active in Mastiffs, starting off several Victorian breeders. Thompson said he gifted the puppy to George as a token of appreciation for the straightforwardness he had exhibited in all their dealings. But the fact that the puppy had severely crooked legs from having fallen and nearly drowned in a tanning pit likely also factored heavily into the decision.

Not only was Governor the first successful Mastiff of the modern dog-show era, but in he was chosen to illustrate the breed standard. To be sure, George had his detractors, among them Wynn, the American Mastiff fancier. In his story, Finch Mason explains that artists were frequent visitors to the Canine Castle, where they would procure models for their paintings.

When they arrived, George was not there, and so his son Bill Jr. The dog had been sold to a foreign buyer, which is why young Bill had not mentioned him. Since the shipping date was a week away, George arranged to have his son bring the dog to the studio for a sitting every day at 11 a.

After the third day of sittings, as young Bill George, Jr. An invitation, however, to settle the matter by arbitration at the adjacent police-station somehow did not fall in with his views, and in the end he reluctantly handed over his precious charge to the owner. It was, perhaps, all he had left: George died in on a downward turn of his luck, leaving a paralyzed wife who was so poorly off the editor of Sporting Life magazine organized a collection for her.

But as far as debts are concerned, George and his contemporaries are owed an incalculable sum of gratitude for helping steward the dog breeds we treasure today. Bill George remained an honourable man in a business which abounded with temptations.

The city of Fez is the local where leather manufacturing centuries ago began. Fez was founded in the 9th century and is now home to over one million — mostly artisan - people. When in Morocco it is a must to taste the Mediterranean dishes served everywhere. At the streets of the medina, there are plenty of places modest or elegant where traditional and tasteful menus are offered from reasonable to high prices — depends how much one want to spend, but no matter where one decides to eat the high quality of the food never changes.

The country has high level cultural and political life and uncountable important personages contributed to form what we know as the modern Morocco. On December 20, , Morocco became the first country to give a naval salute to the new nation.

Renegotiated in , the treaty is still in force, constituting the longest unbroken treaty relationship in Dog News. If interested try to rent the film Beau Geste with Gary Cooper interpreting a legionnaire. I have enjoyed my research and the time I spent traveling around studying and learning about the country and its culture, especially about the Moroccan dog: The highest mountain range in North Africa is the High Atlas.

The Phoenicians BC and BC were the greatest traders and sailing their vessels they became the major naval and trading power of their time. These traders sailed around. Africa and besides other breeds sold the forefathers of the Aidi to the residents of the Atlas Mountains recognized today as the local of origin of the Aidi. Others firmly believe that the Aidi dog was selected and developed by the ancient residents of the Mountains. This is a mistake because Aidis do not herd.

Their main work is to protect the sheep from predators. These dogs are naturally attentive and aggressive, are highly valued for their ability to protect the belongings of the nomad tribes, and of their individual masters. Having lived with nomadic tribes in the desert, the dogs have developed muscular bodies and strong constitution able to bear up to the most rigorous weather conditions.

The dog is resistant, able to hunt and courageously faces any predator that could harm people, animals, or the property under its watch. These exceptional guarding abilities make them superb caretakers of herds of goats and sheep. Alert and independent, always ready for action, the breed has existed for more than five thousand years in the mountains.

The absence of agility is the reason why they used to hunt with the swiftly moving and agile Sloughi. These two breeds working together is a powerful hunting combination. To this day the work of the hunters and their dogs are the food providers for hundreds of families.

The Aidi is a rugged, muscular and solidly built dog that shows a powerful demeanor. This is a large dog, an adult Aidi measures from 21 to 25 inches in height and weighs 50 to 60 pounds. The dog always has an alert and vigilant expression, very true to its nature of being an outstanding guard both of man and animals. The muzzle similar to the head is conical tapering to a nose with well opened nostrils. Nose can either be black or brown depending on the color of the coat.

Medium sized dark colored eyes have well pigmented eyelids and have a lively, alert and searching expression. Medium length ears with somewhat rounded tips are obliquely set, often tipped forward and appeared to be semi drop when the dog is alert and laid back when the dog is relaxed. The dog has a long tail that is set as an extension of the loin. Bushiness of the tail signifies that the dog is a purebred.

The tail carried low with a curve when the dog is at rest. The tail is carried gaily when the dog is on the move but never curled over the back of the dog. Some specimen have cropped ears and docked tail although the natural condition of the tail and the ears are preferred. The Aidi has a very thick long hair. Hair that is about 6 cm. Long hair also covers the buttocks as well as the tail making it very bushy.

Long hair on the neck and on the throat forms a mane. This is more evident on male dogs. The thick long hair serves as an armor that protects the dog when fighting with predators. In the same manner, the dense coat enables the dog to withstand freezing and scorching. Coat colors would range from fawn that can be brindled with black, brown that can be beige to dark brown and black and white. However, besides the strong temperament the Aidi has proven to be a wonderful family pet as well.

They protect the family and are gentle with children, but again, and again this breed - as any other breed needs to be socialized while still young.

The dog needs a strong and firm master because for its protective nature the Aidi tends to be aggressive to any stranger people or animal. This is a clean dog, relatively calm and inactive indoors, but they require plenty of exercise.

Being a barker to alert their masters , the dog is difficult. They also need to have tasks for mental stimulation to prevent boredom. Today the Atlas Mountain dog is still guarding the flocks and hunts in the remote area of the North African mountains. Very affectionate and docile with its owner and family members, the Atlas Dog displays inherent guarding and remarkable protective behavior.

Very faithful, affectionate and docile, always alert, it instinctively measures the gravity and proximity of any danger and fearlessly provides an appropriate and efficient response. The majority of Berbers in terms of percentage are found in Morocco.

The Tuareg tribes of the Sahara Desert are also Berbers, whose language Tamasheght is considered the least corrupted out of all Berber languages. In the release, it states that the board is excited by this new amendment. The Board also discussed that judges be allowed to judge dogs per day instead of the already permitted. No doubt this was done to accommodate the newly approved two shows a day.

The annual meeting of the American Kennel Club is fast approaching and the election of three directors will take place. This has been a relatively quiet election without overt electioneering being done.

Next week, tens of thousands of people will be heading towards Birmingham, England to attend the Crufts Dog Show. The entry includes 2, foreign exhibits, including 29 from the United States. Some of the highest entries are in Golden retrievers with , Labrador retrievers with , Whippets , Staffordshire bull terriers with , Border terriers with and Bearded collies.

The only other show to have huge entries this year will be in August, when the. World Dog Show will be held in Helsinki, Finland. That show is sure to draw a large entry, as the Finns have a good reputation for running a smooth and organized event.

Together with her late husband ART they bred under the Phydeaux prefix from their New Jersey home — a prefix that could be found behind many top winners.

A memorial service was held this weekend in Monroe, Connecticut.